This article is about Sept 25th 2016's esolang Set. The older Set language is now called Recurl.
Set is an esolang with only one command: "Set". It also supports conditional statements and variable assignments. Output is ASCII-based.
Set supports 52 assignable variables. Each variable is a single upper or lower case letter and stores a single unbounded integer.
All lower case variables are initialized to 0; all upper case variables are initialized to their ASCII representation (65-90).
There is also a special system variable indicated by a question mark (
?), which contains the line of code currently being executed.
set A B)
As previously estabilished, there is only 1 command in Set:
set A B.
set command must be on its own line, and is case insensitive.
set takes two arguments, each separated by 1 space (
Amust be either a variable or an exclamation point.
Bmust be either a variable, an exclamation point, a combiner or an integer.
On most occasions, the
set command will set the variable on argument
A to the value of argument
set k 10 > Assings 10 to the variable 'k' set a A > Assings ASCII value of 'A' (65) to the variable 'a'
Exclamation point (
Exclamation points indicate input/output. When used as argument:
A: Outputs the ASCII character matching argument
Bto the screen.
B: Takes one ASCII character as input and sets argument
Ato the matching integer.
> When used as argument "A" set ! A set ! B > Outputs: AB > When used as argument "B" set a ! > Prompts the user for a one-character-long value input > and assigns it to the variable 'a' set b ! > Received "B" > 'b' now equals 66
Question mark (
Question marks represent the line of code which is being executed. When used as argument:
A: Works as a 'go to' function. Defines the value of
Bas the line of code to be executed next
B: Acts as a regular variable. Assigns argument
Athe number of the current line of code
set a ? > Defines 'a' as 1 set ? 1 > Jumps to line 1, thus creating an infinite loop set z 1 > This line will never be executed, as the code cannot reach it
Combiners allow you to combine two numbers into one. There are two valid combiners; each used in the place of argument
(N+M): is equal to
(N-M)`is equal to
M must be either a variable or a single digit integer.
set b (A+1) > Adds 1 to ASCII value of 'A' (65) > b becomes 66 (ASCII for 'B')
By putting a conditional in front of a
set command, you can make that command only run in some situations. There are two valid conditionals:
Xmust not equal
If the condition is not met, the command is not run. X and Y must be either a variable or a single digit integer.
set a 1 [a=0] set a 2 > If 'a' equals 0, then set 'a' to 2 [a/0] set a 3 > If 'a' is not equal to 0, then set 'a' to 3 > 'a' is 3
Although not specified in the original concept of the Set language,
> (greater than) character may be used to insert comments on the Set code.
> Whole line comment. Starts with a '>' symbol. This line is completely ignored by the parser. set a 10 > Inline comment. Starts after a 'set' command, which runs normally. set b 20 > By convention, inline comments should always be separated of > the 'set' command by at least 2 spaces
Here is a 97 bytes example of a "Hello world!" program on Set:
set ! H set ! E set ! L set ! L set ! O set ! 32 set ! W set ! O set ! R set ! L set ! D set ! 33
99 Bottles of Beer
A 932 bytes "99 Bottles of Beer" program on Set:
set l 10 set s 32 set m 44 set t 48 set a 57 set b 57 set e (a-c) set f (b-d) [i=4] set i 0 set ! e set ! f set ! s set ! B set ! O set ! T set ! T set ! L set ! E set ! S set ! s set ! O set ! F set ! s set ! B set ! E set ! E set ! R [i=1] set ? 49 set ! s set ! O set ! N set ! s set ! T set ! H set ! E set ! s set ! W set ! A set ! L set ! L set ! l [k=1] set ? 97 [i=3] set i 4 [i=4] set ! l [i=4] set ? 9 [i/2] set i 1 [i=1] set ? 9 [i=2] set ? 87 set ! l set ! T set ! A set ! K set ! E set ! s set ! O set ! N set ! E set ! s set ! D set ! O set ! W set ! N set ! m set ! s set ! P set ! A set ! S set ! S set ! s set ! I set ! T set ! s set ! A set ! R set ! O set ! U set ! N set ! D set ! l set i 2 [d=9] set d l [d/l] set d (d+1) [d=l] set c (c+1) [d=l] set d 0 set e (a-c) set f (b-d) [e=f] set ? 93 [c=l] set ? 91 [i=2] set i 3 [i=3] set ? 9 [d=l] set ? 93 [d/l] set ? 88 [e=t] set ? 95 set ? 88 set k 1 set ? 9 > EOF
99 BOTTLES OF BEER ON THE WALL 99 BOTTLES OF BEER TAKE ONE DOWN, PASS IT AROUND 98 BOTTLES OF BEER ON THE WALL ... 01 BOTTLES OF BEER ON THE WALL 01 BOTTLES OF BEER TAKE ONE DOWN, PASS IT AROUND 00 BOTTLES OF BEER ON THE WALL