Hoverfly

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Hoverfly

hoverfly was intended to be a 'normal' language, however, since I am new to parsing, I downgraded the syntax to the lowest and it became an interesting concept to be an esoteric language. The name is coming from an insect, that mimics a bee. That's my favorite insect, btw. In the future I still plan to write a serious version of hoverfly. If that happens at some point, this article will still be about the fun version.

types

  • # number - integer
  • ^ number - object
  • & number - stream
  • ! number - flag

number is an integer

integer

  • # value <= - result in zero
  • # value <= value - result is told value

#0 is command pointer, can be used for jump


object

  • ^ value <= - empty object
  • ^ value <= ^ value => value - pointing to another object

(in JS: global[value]=global[value][value])

  • ^ value <= "string" - well, a string
  • ^ value => value => value <= value - defining number value of object

(in JS: global[value][value][value] = value)

  • # value <= ^ value => value - getting value of object


stream

File descriptors, must already be defined before interpretation implementation-dependent. May be passed as argumnets, or whatelse. Originally only 0, 1 and 2 defined for stdio. Having only &? in the code must print all the streams and exit.

  • # value <= & value - read bytewise
  • & value <= # value - write bytewise

flag

  • ! number

Act as a predefined jump points. Values are put into the flags object before the interpreting. They can't be changed, but can be defined.

value

  • #0 <= #0 + 1

(in JS: global[0]=global[0]+1)

Available operators: +, -, *, /, (, )

Division is made without a rest: 9 / 2 results in 4

0/0 produces 0, (something else)/0 produces exception

import

Now, there are also imports allowed. They must have following form: <= source:path for source:

  • base - code gets imported related to the working directory
  • lib - code gets imported from lib/ folder in the root directory of hoverfly

path: will always be put a .fly at the end.

An import reads all the code from provided file and executes it. Numbers object is private, so any computations can be performed in numbers object without overwriting main file's numbers object. Arguments can be passed to the import file via objects object. Typically the ^0 object.

comments

Single line comments only, start with ::


examples

Hello world:

^1 <= "Hello World!\n"
#1 <= 0
#2 <= ^1 => #1
&1 <= #2
#1 <= #1 + 1
#0 <= #0 - #2 / #2 * 4

Truth machine:

#0<=(49-&0)*3
&1<=49
#0<=0

Printing using lib:

^0 <= "Hoverfly is an insect <>"
<= lib:io/puts

interpretor

Available in shitty bad written python: https://github.com/gXLg/hoverfly-eso