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DDDD is an esoteric programming language whose only data structure is a single deque. It was created by User:Andrew3335 in 2021 and is intended to be used for golfing, although the restriction to printable ASCII limits its brevity.


Here is a link to the specification.

Sample programs

Hello, World!

NHello, World!}J

N...} puts an element containing "Hello, World!" at the end of the deque. J looks at the back element and prints it.

Cat program


i takes STDIN and creates a new element at the deque's top. K looks at the front element and prints it.

Computational class

DDDD is Turing-complete as the instructions :()^ from Underload are in DDDD.