WHY

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WHY was created to illustrate to somebody that compiled languages are not necessarily faster.

Compiling WHY involves reading the WHY source file and then placing it in a C source file at the end of the `main` function after a busy loop.

Here is a Python implementation; it requires GCC to be installed. It supports different "optimization" levels.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import argparse
import subprocess

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Compile a WHY program")
parser.add_argument("input", help="File containing WHY source code")
parser.add_argument("-o", "--output", help="Filename of the output executable to make", default="./a.why")
parser.add_argument("-O", "--optimize", help="Optimization level", type=int, default="0")
args = parser.parse_args()

def build_C(code, mx):
        thing = f"""
#define QUITELONG long long int
const QUITELONG max = {mx};

int main() {{
        volatile QUITELONG i = 0; // disable some "optimizations" that RUIN OUR BEAUTIFUL CODE!
        while (i < max) {{
                i++;
        }}
        {code}
}}
        """
        return thing

input = args.input
output = args.output
temp = "ignore-this-please"
with open(input, "r") as f:
        contents = f.read()
        looplen = max(1000, (2 ** -args.optimize) * 1000000000)
        code = build_C(
                contents,
                looplen
        )
        with open(temp, "w") as out:
                out.write(code)

subprocess.run(["gcc", "-x", "c", "-o", output, temp])

WHYJIT

Below I would like to prevent WHYJIT, a revolution in stupidly slow languages. It stays true to the original WHY spirit while being even more unreliable, pointless and stupid than ever before. Instead of natively compiling slow code, it embeds the code in a shellscript which upon execution unpacks a contained C compiler and uses it to compile your code.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import argparse
import subprocess
import random
import string

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Compile a WHY program using WHYJIT.")
parser.add_argument("input", help="File containing WHY source code")
parser.add_argument("-o", "--output", help="Filename of the output executable to make", default="./a.why")
parser.add_argument("-O", "--optimize", help="Optimization level", type=int, default="0")
args = parser.parse_args()

def randomword(length):
	letters = string.ascii_lowercase
	return ''.join(random.choice(letters) for i in range(length))

def which(program):
	proc = subprocess.run(["which", program], stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
	if proc.returncode == 0:
		return proc.stdout.replace(b"\n", b"")
	else:
		return None

def find_C_compiler():
	compilers = ["gcc", "clang", "tcc", "cc"]
	for compiler in compilers:
		path = which(compiler)
		if path != None:
			return path

def build_output(code, mx):
	C_code = f"""
#define QUITELONG long long int
const QUITELONG max = {mx};

int main() {{
	volatile QUITELONG i = 0; // disable some "optimizations" that RUIN OUR BEAUTIFUL CODE!
	while (i < max) {{
		i++;
	}}
	{code}
}}
	"""
	
	heredoc = randomword(100)
	devnull = "2>/dev/null"
	shell_script = f"""#!/bin/sh
TMP1=/tmp/ignore-me
TMP2=/tmp/ignore-me-too
TMP3=/tmp/dont-look-here
	cat << {heredoc} > $TMP1
{C_code}
{heredoc}
sed -e '1,/^exit \$?$/d' "$0" > $TMP3
chmod +x $TMP3
$TMP3 -x c -o $TMP2 $TMP1
chmod +x $TMP2
$TMP2
exit $?
""".encode("utf-8")	

	with open(find_C_compiler(), "rb") as f:
		return shell_script + f.read()

input = args.input
output = args.output
with open(input, "r") as f:
	contents = f.read()
	looplen = max(1000, (2 ** -args.optimize) * 1000000000)
	code = build_output(
		contents,
		looplen
	)
	with open(output, "wb") as out:
		out.write(code)