This=That

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This=That is an esoteric programming language by User:PuzzleHunter84, and is made up entirely of variables. Each line is just a case-sensitive variable name, followed by =, and then the variable's case-sensitive value.

The variable names can be anything including special names, and the values can be anything as well, and can also be special values:

print prints the variable's value.
input inputs a value for the variable to take.
plus
minus
divided by
times
do math. For example:
    x=4
    Jerome=x minus 2

sets x as value 4 and Jerome as value 2 (4-2). Also:

    fruit=fly
    printer=paper
    sticky=fruit plus printer

sets fruit as value fly, printer as value paper, and sticky as value flypaper (word math only works with plus).

if loop x=condition starts an if loop named x with the given condition.
while loop x=condition starts a while loop named x with the given condition.
if loop x=end
while loop x=end
signifies the end of if/while loop x.

Conditions have three parts, two compared values referenced by their names and a comparison which can be:

> is greater than
< is less than
~ is not equal to
~> is no greater than
~< is no less than
~~ is equal to

Example programs

Hello, world! Program

x=Hello, world!
x=print

Cat Program (Until QUIT is inputted)

x=input
while loop y=x~QUIT
x=print
x=input
while loop y=end 

Endless Bottles of Beer Program

a=99
b= bottles of beer on the wall.  
c=a plus b
d= bottles of beer.  You take one down and pass it around.  
e=a plus d
f=c plus e
g= bottle of beer on the wall.  
h=a plus g
i= bottle of beer.  You take it down and pass it around.  
j=a plus i
k=h plus j
l= bottles of beer.  You go to the store and buy some more.  
m=a plus l
n=c plus m
o=0
while loop x=o~~0
while loop y=a>2
f=print
a=a minus 1
c=print
while loop y=end
f=print
a=a minus 1
h=print
k=print
a=No
c=print
n=print
a=99
c=print
while loop x=end


Endless Fibonacci Program

a=0
b=1
a=print
b=print
while loop x=b>0
a=a plus b
a=print
b=a plus b
b=print
while loop x=end

Endless Square Numbers Program

a=0
b=1
a=print
while loop x=b>0
a=a plus b
b=b plus 2
a=print
while loop x=end

or

a=0
while loop x=a~<0
b=a times a
b=print
a=a plus 1
while loop x=end

Simple Adding Machine

x=input
y=input
z=x plus y
z=print

Digital Root Calculator

a=input
while loop x=a>9
a=a minus 9
while loop x=end
a=print

Counts down from inputed value to zero

a=input
while loop x=a~<0
a=print
a=a minus 1
while loop x=end

Counts from zero to infinity

a=0
while loop x=a~<0
a=print
a=a plus 1
while loop x=end

Computational Class

This=That is Turing-complete, because a version of brainfuck without I/O, with tape length 3 and in which all loops are balanced (i.e. the location of the tape pointer is constant for any given byte of the code) can be compiled into it. (This is in turn known to be Turing-complete as it can implement an iterated Collatz function.)

Use three variables (e.g. a, b, c) to represent the three tape elements. The brainfuck commands can be implemented as follows:

  • +: v=v plus 1 (where v is the variable representing the pointed-to tape element)
  • -: v=v minus 1
  • <, >: these don't directly produce any code (rather, they change which variable is used in +-[])
  • […]: while loop x=v~0 … while loop x=end (where x is different for each such loop)

See Also